26. Maximilian von Prittwitz (1848-1929)
Prittwitz served as the commander of the German Eighth Army at the start of World War I. He was stationed in East Prussia to defend against a Russian invasion that was predicted to happen through information about Russia’s war strategy.
He is described as ‘a somewhat indecisive, timid commander’, but following the loss at the questionable Battle of Gumbinnen, an anxious Prittwitz ordered the withdrawal of the Eighth Army.
He did that because he feared that they would be encircled by two of Russia’s armies that had a four-to-one advantage against the German eight Army. Prittwitz was later dismissed as commander.