14. Edith Wharton (1862-1937)
An acclaimed American novelist who lived in self-imposed exile in France at the outbreak of World War I, she was one of a few foreigners who could travel to the French front lines, due to her tactical associations with the French government.
Throughout the course of her journeying, she visited battlefields and military hospitals, whilst avidly raising funds for refugees. In 1916 she was titled a Chevalier of the Légion d’honneur by France, and a Chevalier of the Order of Leopold by Belgium.