13. Franz Joseph I (1830-1916)
Franz Joseph was the Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary; throughout his reign, there was an even further decline in Austria’s influence.
Austria permanently ruined its relationship with Russia because it withheld support when Russia was at war with Britain in 1853, and Franz Joseph had a hard time dealing with Hungary’s demands for autonomy.
Despite his dislike of his nephew, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, following his assassination by Serbian forces, Franz Joseph agreed to issuing an ultimatum to Serbia and declaring war.
By 1916, Franz Joseph knew that victory for Austria was not possible and so accepted the dismantling of Austria-Hungary.