24. Defiance Campaign in South Africa, 1952
Launched on 26th of June, 1952, the Defiance Campaign was started by the African National Congress to combat apartheid imposed against the blacks and other people of colour by then-in-power National Party.
The protests that began across multiple South African towns concentrated on non-violent ways of civil disobedience and included prominent youth leaders such as Nelson Mandela.
Despite the goals not being met, and the National Party imposing penalties on the participants, the campaign did inspire other civil rights movements across the world, including the USA.
Later in the 1990s, apartheid was finally abolished, with Nelson Mandela elected the first president of South Africa following the nation’s first election participated by all races.