4. Indian Anti-corruption Movement, 2011
In 2011, the Indian Anti-corruption movement began with heavy momentum thanks to activist Anna Hazare, who launched a hunger strike at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi.
The aim was to introduce the Jan Lokpal Bill, which would see the appointment of an independent body to investigate and oversee matters of corruption and whistle-blowers.
Despite being named one of Time Magazine’s “Top10 News Stories of 2011”, the movement failed to force the Indian government to pass the bill initially.
Anna Hazare abstained from mainstream politics, but Arvind Kejriwal (who had drafted the bill) went on to form the Aam AadmiParty to contest Delhi elections. The Parliament of India subsequently enacted the bill in 2013.