9. The Orange Revolution, 2004
In the political aftermath of 2004 Presidential Elections in Ukraine (marred by corruption and voter fraud), Kiev, the nation’s capital, became the stage for a series of protests that occurred between November 2004 to January 2005.
There was a widespread perception among Ukrainians that the election had been rigged in favour of Viktor Yanukovych, who was running against Viktor Yushchenko.
Yushchenko’s supporters adopted orange as their unifying colour, and demanded to annul the run-offs and to hold a revote under the scrutiny of domestic and international observers.
The wave of orange-clad demonstrators in Kiev became a spectacle as the second run-off was declared to be in favour of Yushchenko, who became the third president of Ukraine. Interestingly, Yanukovych succeeded him later, rather unsuccessfully, though.