#12 The Onus To Prove Guilty Was On The Accuser
The Code of Hammurabi, written circa 1750 BC., is a collection of rules that governed trade practices and set out fines and punishments for the offenders. The code included several severe penalties, including removal of the offender’s tongue, eye, ear and even breasts.
However, Hammurabi – the Babylonian king who proclaimed the code – was a reasonable man, as his code considered the accused innocent until proven otherwise. The burden to prove the guilt was on the accuser and, if unable to do so, the accuser was punished with a death penalty.